America Left This Marine Behind

by Diane Dimond on December 17, 2012

U.S. Marine Lance Corporal Jon Hamma

       Note: See UPDATES to this story below.

By the time you read this I earnestly hope that ex-Marine Lance Corporal Jon Hammar is a free man. I hope that our State Department has stepped up to help this military hero in his time of need.

I hope that politicians in his parent’s home state of Florida have tossed their weight around enough to end the madness that has enveloped young Hammar’s life.

I’m not optimistic.

For almost four months 23 year old Hammar has been held in a notoriously dangerous prison in Matamoros, Mexico on a trumped up charge that he tried to bring a military weapon into Mexico. (It was actually his great grandfather’s 100 year old bird hunting rifle.) The prison where Hammar is being held, known as CEDES, is populated by inmates tied to Mexico’s violent drug cartels and according to those in the know these gangsters literally run the institution. Once the thugs realized there was a prized American housed among them the beatings and extortion attempts began.

Olivia Hammar Still Gets Late Night Calls From Mexico

Jon’s parents, Olivia and Jon Sr., only recently decided to go public with their son’s plight out of sheer frustration. They had been scared into silence because shortly after Jon was arrested in mid-August they began receiving terrifying phone calls from inside the prison demanding money. Olivia recounted one call during a television interview this week.

“They’re saying, ‘You need to wire us money or we’re going to kill your son, we’ve already f—ed him up,’ and initially I thought it was a scam, but then they put him on the phone and he was breathless and I knew they had.” Olivia tearfully added that her son told her over the phone, “You need to do whatever they say. I’m so sorry. I’ll pay you back.”

Hammar enlisted in the Marines at 18 because he believed he could make a difference. He proudly served for four years in combat zones in Iraq and Afghanistan. The fighting he saw was so fierce and deadly – especially in Fallujah, Iraq – that upon coming home Jon needed help dealing with post-traumatic stress. He entered an intensive nine month program where he met another combat vet, Ian McDonough.

The Marine Was Trying to Get His Life Back Together

Once they finished the PTSD course the outdoorsy Jon, along with his new pal, Ian, decided to buy an old Winnebago, toss in their surf boards and take some R & R in Costa Rica. As they prepared to cross the Texas border into Mexico a U.S. customs agent advised Jon that he needed to register the old rifle with Mexican authorities and gave him papers to fill out for that purpose. Once into Mexico the papers were presented and ignored. The two men were arrested on federal charges of having a weapon that is reserved for military use. Preposterous, that an old Sears and Roebuck .410 shotgun nearly a century old could be confused with a military firearm!

Like the loyal Marine he is Hammar declared that the gun was his and his fellow veteran, McDonough, was released.

Jon’s parents immediately notified the U.S. Consulate in Matamoros and hired a local lawyer who told ABC News he feared authorities wanted to, “make an example out of the gringo.” The U.S. State Department was informed and helped only to the extent that they got Jon moved out of the general population. According to Olivia, however, her son was then chained to a bed in a small storage shed. The State Department now says they got the chains removed.

Demands Should Be Made To Mexico’s New President

Okay, I’ll just say it. Why is the United States of America so wimpy when it comes to dealing with Mexico? I mean, for years now – through several Republican and Democratic Administrations – we have let Mexico’s problems fester and then ooze across our border nearly unchallenged. The illegal flow of people, guns, drugs and deadly violence seems never ending and in the meantime Washington acts like it is paralyzed.

There is no better time than right now for President Obama to pick up the telephone and demand Mexico’s newly installed President Enrique Pena Nieto secure the release of this U.S. Marine. Pena Nieto just took office December first and from the get-go Mexico’s new leader should be put on notice that this country will not stand for an American citizen to be held on phony charges. It is way past time that America flex its considerable muscle with our nettlesome neighbor to the south. As my father used to say, “You only get the respect you demand.”

We recently sent a Special Ops Seal Team into Afghanistan to rescue a doctor from Colorado who had been held by the Taliban for five days. Doesn’t a war veteran held just across our border deserve the same consideration?

Rep. Ros-Lehtinen Urges State Dept – Where Are Other Lawmakers?

Unless there’s more to this story that’s unknown, it is also time for Congress to get involved. Only three Florida based politicians have stepped up to urge the State Department to do more: Senators Bill Nelson and Marco Rubio and Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen who is chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. It is astounding to me that only three lawmakers find young Jon Hammar’s situation unacceptable.

The Marine Corp has a sacred code. They don’t leave fellow warriors behind. American politicians should damn well make sure they don’t leave this Marine stranded in a country that is supposed to be our ally, a country where cartel ordered deaths are a daily occurrence.

Now that Hammar’s plight has been made public, as his mother said, “We need this to end fast.”


Dec. 21:  News is that a Mexican Judge has dropped the gun charge and Hammar could be home for Christmas:

Dec. 24: Hammar arrived at his parents home in Palmetto Bay, Florida just before noon today. His father had driven to the Texas/Mexican border and was there to pick him up when Mexican authorities dropped him there. Along the drive Hammar was briefly hospitalized in Louisiana. The full story here:



Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 11:35 am

ABQ Journal Reader Rick Chavez writes:

Great article but sad that this Marine is going through this. Its a travesty that our government has not done anything. I’m contacting my congressman and Senator as “loud” as I can. I served in the Marines and every Marine is your brother. If they need someone to go get him, theres a long list of Marines that would be willing. You are correct that our creed is no one left behind…Inchon, Bellou Wood, KheSanh….
Thank you
Rick Chavez
An Old Marine

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 11:35 am

ABQ Journal Reader Bill Nevins writes:

Thank you so much for your column about the horrible and illegal detention and abuse of veteran Lance Cpl. Jon Hammar.
I am the proud parent of a young man who also served this country in arms, and as such my heart goes out to Cpl Hammar and to his parents and family.
Please, what can I do to help? Write to Pres. Obama? Our congressional delegation here in NM? We MUST do something. We must free this good man.
Bill Nevins
(lecturer in English, University of New Mexico)
Albuquerque NM

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 11:37 am

ABQ Journal Reader Pogey Bait writes:

You set out to write about an injustice to a Marine and in the first two sentences you denigrate him by calling him an ex-Marine.
WOW! An Ex-Marine! You and Charles Brunt are famous for doing this it seems.
What is an Ex-Marine? An Ex-Marine is someone who was in an elite corps that went bad. He, raped a woman, killed another person
(or whatever) and got KICKED OUT of the corps. That is an Ex-Marine. Get the picture?
I am sure this is not the first e-mail you get on this subject by the way.
When a Marine leaves active duty, or does his 2-3 or 4 year tour he is ALWAYS a Marine! ALWAYS, with the exception of the above.
I am 65 and still a Marine. I don’t wear a uniform but I am still a Marine. Once a Marine, ALWAYS a Marine. (With the exception above)
You will get e-mails from other Marines who will tell you the same thing, but rest assured, bad Marines gets you kicked out and you no longer
get to even mention you were in the corps. (Not corpse,,like Obummer likes to call it) I stopped reading your article at “free man” It made me sick.
I did go back and read it later, but it made me sick to see if he was in fact kicked out of the corps.
I think like a Marine, I am on time like a Marine, I have discipline like a Marine, I have respect for others as many active duty Marines do
I can read a clock like a Marine, and I speak Marine. Get the picture? It is unlike any branch of the service ever to be instituted in the USA.
Unlike Charles Brunt, at least you didn’t call him a (god forbid) soldier. I like the Journal, I really do. Have been reading it since 1958. But I am convince (sic) journalists get a hint of a story and run with it! Details? Ah, no one will notice. WRONG. I chock it up to bad journalists.
We are near an AF base. So Brunt likes to talk to Pete Comstock and the like, especially how cool the AF is. What a joke. 6 weeks of boot camp. Marines=16 weeks. Did you know before 9-11 the gate guards didn’t even have any bullets in their weapons? And then they only had a one day “familiarization day” on the range. I think I will drop the paper and just watch Fox news. At least they know that a Marine is a Marine for life, unless he disgraces the core. Ha ha ha …………core!”
Pogey Bait

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 11:43 am

Dear Pogey Bait,

I’m sincerely sorry that THIS is what you’ve taken away from the column. I was hoping readers would feel as outraged as I am that this young man – a United States Marine – has been left by his government to languish in a Mexican jail (just across our border) on a trumped up charge that he was transporting military grade weapons.
I thought it was important for readers to know that Mr. Hammar was no longer on ACTIVE Marine status – thus, I used the ex-Marine designation as did many other reports on his situation.
I also made it crystal clear that the Marine Corp code is: Never leave a fellow warrior behind.
Again, I’m sorry you missed the larger point. ~ DD

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 11:38 am

Reader Victor Mendez writes:

“It’s amazing how u think all u have to do is ask our prez to ask their prez to get Hammar out.For a “journalist”,u really r ignorant!! This mex prez is a member of the most corrupt political party in mexico & probably have their hands in the cartel cookie jar, yet u want him to step in & release this dumbass by asking nicely OR by force..amazing! The 3 lawmakers include a freaking cuban that has yet to say anything bad abt cuba, so keep ur muzzle on your little dog..anything he sez is of concern to mexicans! U dont want the mexicans jumping the border,breaking the law but its okay for an american to carry a weapon into mexico though they specifically say,”don’t”! As a former marine,I feel for the kid but people like u r clueless about the cultural & political situation in mexico..especially, the cultural & political situations in prisons run by the cartels!!!”

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 11:47 am

Mr. Mendez:
You may label me as ignorant – as you wish. But I covered the White House for many years as a Washington based correspondent and – YES – I DO think the President of the United States can use his “bully pulpit” to call up the brand new President of Mexico and make a demand that he secure the release of a US Marine. You may not believe that the action of an American President can hold such weight but you would be wrong. Frankly, your poor punctuation and grammar make it difficult for me to address any of your other points. ~ DD

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 11:48 am

ABQ Journal Reader Greg Strickland writes:

“Read your OP-ED letter in our Saturday’s (15th) newspaper
here in Albuquerque. Thank you for publicizing Jon Hammer’s
torturous ordeal. Never heard of it anywhere else. At your
convenience, please send me any updates on his situation.”

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 11:52 am

Mr. Strickland,
I will stay on this story and keep you updated with what I learn!
~ DD

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 3:07 pm

DD Web Site Reader Roo Zimmer writes:

“Hi Diane –

I really appreciated this article – I knew of the situation, but was feeling nobody else did!

Please keep the American public posted. And let everyone know how we can possible help.

Thanks – Roo Zimmer, Marine mom”

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 3:09 pm

Dear Ms. Zimmer:

I think the best thing people can do is to write a letter and send it to everyone in your d.c. congressional delegation (house and senate members) And, while you’re at it – send it to 1400 Pennsylvania Avenue, % President Obama. Thanks to your family’s sacrifice on behalf of our country. Merry Christmas!

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 3:23 pm

Facebook Friend Patty Cuoco Lipari Schoen-Jones writes:

“Have watched his mother on FOX numerous times over the past week…this is heart breaking. WRITE CALL EMAIL!”

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 3:25 pm

Facebook Friend (and former MSNBC pal) Lisa Penna Zobel writes:

” D, this young man went to my high school in Miami and there’s a push from alumni on his behalf, too. (A-Rod went there, as well.) It’s sad that a U.S. combat veteran is being unfairly singled out by these thugs!”

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 3:26 pm

Facebook Friend Pat Melchionno writes:

“OK DD, I just emailed Congressman Ed Markey with this story in hopes of getting his attention to it also.”

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 3:29 pm

Facebook Friend Amy Crohn Santagata writes:

“And why are game shows and the like still awarding trips to Mexico?”

Diane Dimond December 17, 2012 at 3:30 pm

Facebook Friend Bill Voinovich writes:

” They’re not doing anything for him because there’s no PUBLICITY IN IT……
ALWAYS seems to happen that way………”

Diane Dimond December 18, 2012 at 5:40 pm

DD Web Site Reader Prof. Bob Turner writes:

“Ms. Dimond:

Are you certain it is a “bogus” charge? I saw an interview on TV with I think his mother who said he entered Mexico with a (family heirloom) shotgun in his vehicle. Many countries criminalize such behavior (the Second Amendment is the exception, and I believe we would arrest a Mexican who entered this country with a firearm under the seat of his car). I don’t know the details of this case, but we hurt our case when we refused to live up to our obligations under the Vienna Convention on Consular Affairs (when we executed a Mexican national without allowing him to have access to Mexican consular officials).

Our breach allows Mexico to respond with a reciprocal breach of the same or another treaty, and I assume that U.S. prisoners in many foreign countries will pay a price for our decision to breach our treaty commitment (and our Constitution, which provides in Article VI that “This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.” Texas judges decided to ignore this obligation, and the Supreme Court upheld their right to do so. I felt at the time it was a mistake on both constitutional and prudential grounds.

Foreign nationals in this country get excellent due process and thus are in less need for the protections of the Vienna Convention than our citizens abroad. By breaching the treaty, we have mostly hurt our own citizens who may get into difficulties in foreign nations. Our prisons aren’t all that great, but Mexican prisons are much worse.

Take a look at 18 U.S.C. 922, which I believe makes it a felony for a foreign national (or U.S. citizen) to transport a shotgun (or other firearm) into or from the United States without a Federal Firearms License. I’m quite certain that there are exceptions (e.g., when Americans wish to go to Africa for big game hunting or competitive shooters wish to attend competitions at the Olympics or elsewhere), but my guess is that if you investigate the issue you will find that we would lock up a Mexican national who drove into this country with a shotgun hidden or tucked away somewhere in his pickup truck.

My brother was a career Marine and my only son is planning on becoming a Marine, so I’m pretty pro Marine and I don’t want our citizens to languish in Mexican prisons unless they have been clearly violating that country’s laws. But I’ve heard a lot about this case on Fox News and elsewhere that seems to assume this individual did nothing wrong as is being abused for sport. That’s not clear to me. I don’t know whether Mexico has permitted our consular officials to interview him or not, but if they have not I suspect the reason is our own decision to breach that treaty (and our nation’s solemn pledge by ratifying the treaty), and if that’s the case we have ourselves to blame. (To his credit, President Bush tried to get Texas to comply with the treaty.)

If I’m mistaken, I’d be deeply grateful for a clarification. Perhaps the Marine did not have a weapon, or perhaps he had appropriate documentation to export it to (or transport it within) Mexico. I’m working from limited data here.”

Diane Dimond December 18, 2012 at 5:41 pm

Professor Turner:
Thanks for wanting to know more. Here are three random links I found that will give you more information about exactly how Marine Hammar was arrested.

To my mind he did everything right – he followed the directive of the U.S. Customs agent who handed him registration forms to fill out to make sure everything was on the up and up. And upon handing those forms to the Mexican authorities and voluntarily declaring his antique weapon (not a “military grade weapon” as he is charged with trying to “smuggle” in) he was immediately arrested.

Please take a moment to read these and other links easily found on the internet. I agree with you that Americans should expect special treatment. But I don’t think that’s the case here.

Diane Dimond


“…..Hammar registered the gun with U.S. Customs and He was told that when he crosses the border, he should register it in Mexico. But this turned out not to be the case because on August 20th, when Hammar tried to register the gun, legally, when he crossed the border, he was arrested and charged with carrying a deadly weapon and thrown in jail. Now, here it is, four months later, Jon is still sitting in a notoriously dangerous prison

(when you do what the U.S. Customs agents tells you to do…i.e. fill out registration papers and present them to the Mexican authorities…you kinda assume you’re doing the right thing, no?)

“ ….Hammar, 27, and a fellow Marine Corps veteran, both victims of post-traumatic stress disorder, crossed from Texas into Mexico in mid-August in a motor home, bound for Costa Rica on a surfing trip. Hammar presented to Mexican officials a U.S. registration for a family heirloom, a .410-bore shotgun used for shooting birds.

(he didn’t hide anything under the seat of his car as you wondered……)


Jon Hammer, a former U.S. Marine, was going to surf in Costa Rica when he was arrested at the border going into Mexico.
He had already cleared his heirloom shotgun with U.S Customs officers and was at the office in Mexico to register it there when he was arrested because it was 1 inch too short for their laws.
All they had to do was tell him he could not bring it into Mexico and send him back with an escort to U.S. Custom’s side and he would still be free.
U.S. Customs should have had Mexican regulations and stopped him there, but they cleared him to go through. He has been held for 5 months and treated inhumanely, under death threats and extortion attempts and his life is in danger.
No one should be arrested for trying to do the right thing and no one should have to suffer inhumane conditions, violence and death threats and extortion attempts for following the law.”

CLS December 19, 2012 at 12:07 am

Like so many, I was oblivious to the horrifying plight that young man and his family have endured. Thank you for writing this. Awareness is always the first step, to then take action.

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:08 pm

Huffington Post Reader BigTimeJimbo writes:

“While I signed the petition for this mans release

I also have to wonder what he was thinking..

You simply don’t take any guns or ammo into Mexico.. There are BIG signs saying that at the border.

Unless of course you contact the Mexican Government in advance and receive written authorization for transport.

Mexico has always had very strict gun laws and this Marine clearly broke this law.

He was lucky to get help from media on this.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:08 pm

Huffington Post Reader Coach John writes:

“Thank God for Bill OReilly and Fox News. They are the real heros in this story. Your President, the State department and NBC, CBS, ABC, and National Newspapers would not have anything to do for CPL Hammer tragedy. Thank God many Christians also prayed big time for his release.

It was great when this kid went to war and fought for freedon so that the media could operate freely like that do, but they and your President turned ther back on this Kid.

Thanks Bill and Christians for caring for one of our own
Semper Fi
A former Korean War U. S. Marine”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:12 pm

Huffington Post Reader TriciaJ writes:

“You call yourself a journalist? It took me seconds to Google “Can I take a gun into Mexico?” and immediately I get a US Government web site that says:
Don’t bring firearms or ammunition across the border into Mexico.

Don’t carry a knife, even a small pocketknife, on your person in Mexico.

You may become one of dozens of U.S. Citizens who are arrested each month for unintentionally violating Mexico’s strict weapons laws.

There is SO much about this story that doesn’t add up! Real journalists would have gotten the truth of the matter instead of spreading hate against Mexicans and blaming Obama.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:12 pm

Trishia J – Guess you missed the part in my Opinion Column (different than a journalistic article) where I wrote about how the U.S. border patrol agent said Hammar COULD bring the rifle into Mexico if he just filled out the proper forms and presented them to the agent on the Mexico side of the border. Which is exactly what Hammar did.
As for me spreading hate? Ridiculous. ~ DD

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:17 pm

Huffington Post Reader Chef Geo writes:

“Chef Geo
4 Fans Become a fan
01:44 AM on 12/22/2012
OK so now everytime an American breaks a law in a foreign country we make it a diplomatic incident? If this young man was a responsible gun owner he would have researched before trying to cross the border if he needed to get a permit to do so with a firearm of any sort, even a old 410. If he did he would have learned that permits must be obtained before crossing the border and can not be issued at the border by Mexican guards. He carried a firearm into there country illegally, period. He unfortunately then became victim of their screwed up system but lets be honest it was his fault. Sorry but this incident, now resolved does not rise to the level of sabre rattling. Do you expect the new Mexican President to lose face by bowing to US pressure? All that would have been accomplished would be to make the situation more complicated.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:18 pm

Well, Chef Geo, Somebody blinked – whether it was the new Mexican President or someone below him – because Jon Hammar is now home in Florida, safe and sound.
See the UPDATE SECTION at the end of this column. ~DD

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:22 pm

Huffington Post Reader Emily

“For all those who complain about Fox News, they were the only one media who had the news story for over a week and are responsible for bringing this travesty to an end.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:22 pm

Huffington Post Reader Golfvue3 writes:

“Thank goodness for Fox news. They’ve been pushing this for the last couple weeks and it’s finally getting some traction – even showing up on huffpo.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:26 pm

Point of face: The original version of this column was published beginning December 15 in various newspapers around the country via my syndication partner Creators Syndicate. While I can’t compete with Fox News I, too, was “on” the Jon Hammar story for a while before his release. ~ DD

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:27 pm

Huffington Post Reader NYnotLiberal writes:

“This is a travesty. How much foreign aid to we give to Mexico?…..and their ambassador has to cajones to lecture us? Cut them off…..their aid, not their cajones…..and then see if they are willing to be flexible in regards to Mr. Hammar.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:28 pm

Huffington Post Reader Maoticamisen writes:

“No trial yet…no weapon that looks as if it is a modern weapon of war…no public notice until recently.
A transcript of charges and information on the defense is long overdue…4 months is sufficient as “time served”, for a weapons possession charge.
Perhaps there is more to the story but apparently his friend, who was allowed to leave, has explained what happened…and the U.S.boarder guard can act as a credible witness.
This definitely needs looking into.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:29 pm

Huffington Post Reader Talent Oregon writes:

“Yeah it sucks when a foreign government does that to people; keeping them in a brutal foreign prison on trumped up charges; possibly being tortured and deprived legal council. We Americans would never stand for anything like that. It’s a violation of all that free people hold sacrosanct. We would never do that to someone…what? Guantanamo is till open? Really? Over 550 people still being held? CIA secret prisons in Romania? Oh; never mind.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:30 pm

Huffington Post Reader Emily1994 responds:

“Wow, some comparison. Most Mexican jails are the one Gitmo jail, only they also try to exhort money from family members. Please do little research about Mexican jails, laws, treament and legal council before making such statements. Gitmo would look like the Hilton “

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:31 pm

Huffington Post Reader TraceTriv writes:

“Considering how often I travel to Mexico, it will stop until this travesty comes to an end. It’s completely ironic that we are more concerned with the well being of illegal immigrants in this country than we are with an American Citizen, Twice deployed to the Middle East Marine held captive in Mexico. Shame on the State Department which seems to be batting zero with protecting Americans service personnel overseas, and shame on the President for not even acknowledging this let alone ending it. The Mexican government is so quit to chastise Americans for our human right treatment…what a joke! If Mexico doesn’t do the right thing and release this man, and if Obama doesn’t jump in and help a former Marine who honorably served this country, then no one should visit Mexico until they do. Funny how the Justice Department can give high powered guns to the Mexican Cartel without issues, but someone who registers and declares an antique gun according to the process is jailed and chained to a bed! As usual…treat the Americans like crap because they all know we are about the “show “ toward foreign persons but not for our fellow Americans. This is absolutely atrocious.”

Diane Dimond December 25, 2012 at 4:32 pm

Huffington Post Reader MexicanDude writes:

“…if you think this case and the Fast and Furious are unrelated, this recent statement from the Mexican ambassador on Hammar’s case makes the relation plain:

“As you know well, Mexico has had very stringent gun-control laws in place for many years, and have reinforced their application **as a result of the flow of weapons illicitly purchased in the U.S. and then trafficked into Mexico and into the hands of transnational criminal organizations***” (emphasis mine)

To me this screams “you won’t arrest those responsible for F&F? Here’s an illustration of just how upset we are about it”. That they released him as soon as it got high publicity is also a message: “we are friends; there’s ample chance to mend things, but we’ll no longer say ‘thank you sir, may I have another'”. Of note is that Mexican media coverage (Televisa, Reforma) has been nothing but sympathetic to the Hammar’s. Even leftist La Jornada was neutral.

After decades of US ignoring Mexican requests to reduce drug consumption and instead getting the largest increase ever, plus weapon smuggling, and 9% of the entire Mexican population dead, they’re getting more assertive within their room to maneuver. We know a country who invaded 2 nation when it lost 0.001%.

Manufactured crises: Diplomacy’s “We’re serious” without firing shots or damaging relations.”

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